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JENKINS, C.F., "The discrola", Transactions of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, 16, May 1923, pp.234-238.




BATZ, J.C., La vidéocassette, Conseil de l'Europe, 1972.


BATZ, J.C., KIEFER J.C., Naissance d'un médium. La vidéocassette, MAME, 1974

BERETTA ANGUISSOLA, L., Les cassettes audiovisuelles. Perspectives en Europe, Conseil de l'Europe, 1971.




ALVARADO, M., Video World-Wide, Unesco/BRU, Paris, 1988.

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GRAHAM, M.B.W., RCA and the VideoDisc : the business of research, Cambridge University Press, 1986.

HELLMAN, H. and SORAMAKI, M., "Video : cultural and commercial structures of a new media", Communication to the International Seminar on the Development of the New Media, Copenhagen, 10 December 1983.7

LARDNER J., Fast Forward. Hollywood, the Japanese and the VCR Wars, Norton, 1987.

LEVY M. (ed.), The VCR Age. Home Video and Mass Communication, Sage, London, 1989.

RADIO FREE EUROPE RESEARCH, "The Video Revolution in Eastern Europe", RAD Background Report/242, München, December 1987.


GRAY, A., Video Playtime. The Gendering of a Leisure Technology, Routledge, London, 1992.

LE FLOCH-ANDERSEN L.,(ed.), Les marchés de la vidéo en Europe, Sequentia, n°6, 1996. 

SCREEN DIGEST, European Video Best Sellers, A Report for the Sixth EuropeanVideo Perspective, Strasbourg, France, 28-29 November, 1997. 


SCREEN DIGEST, The European video yearbook 1999/2000 Screen Digest / IVF , London, 1999.


GREENBERG J.M., From BetaMax to Blockbuster, The MIT Press, 2008.


SCREEN DIGEST, DVD Video. European market assesment and forecast to 2003, Screen Digest, London, 2000.

WASSER, F.,  Veni, vidi, video : the Hollywood empire and the VCR, University of Texas Press, 2001.


McKENNA, M., Rethinking the "Video Nasties" : Economics, Marketing and Distribution, Thesis, University of Sunderland, 2017.

NEWMAN, M.Z., Video Revolutions: On the History of a Medium, Columbia University Press, 2014.


International Video Federation


discrola 2.JPG

Un lointain ancêtre du DVD : le discrola de Charles Francis Jenkins (1923)

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