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Politique et économie du cinéma - US - Etats-Unis
1. Publications entre 1900 et 1999

Voir également Politique et économie du cinéma​



"The Film Industry", Billboard, December 7, 1907.

"The Moving Picture World", Billboard, October 26, 1907.


BAKER, H.C., "The Moving Picture Industry", American Exporter,  volume 63, March 1909


CONNINCK, D.H., Survey of the Motion Picture Industry, with particular reference to the Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, 1919. (Extraits in "Connick's Report on F.P.-L. Put in Record", Motion Picture News, June 26,  1923, p.2847)

FEDERAL MOTION PICTURE COMMISSION : Hearings before the Committee on Education, House of Representatives, Sixty-fourth Congress, first session, on H.R. 456, a bill to create a new division of the Bureau of Education, to be known as the Federal Motion Picture Commission, and defining its powers and duties. January 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, and 19, 1916.

HODGEJ.F., Opening and operating a motion picture theatre, how it is done successfully, N[ew] Y[ork] Scenario publishing company [c1912]

JOHNSTON W.A., "Theatres and their Admission Prices", Motion Picture News, October 28, 1961, p. 2651.

NEW YORK STATE, Report of the Joint legislative committee to investigate the moving picture industry.. Transmitted to the Legislature March 15, 1917.

"Some interesting statistics", The Cinema News, March 15, 1917




AMID J., With the movie makers, Lothrop, 1923

Film Yearbook 1922-1923,

FRANKLIN H.B., "Theater Management",  Transactions of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, XII, 33, April 1928, p.126.

FRANKLIN H.B., "The Entertainment Value of Sound Picture", Transactions of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, XII,35, September 1928, p.620.


GEYER O.R., "Winning Foreign Film Markets. How the American Motion Picture Industry Is Acquiring A Firm Footing in Other Lands", Scientific American, August 20, 1921.

GOLDEN N.S., "American Pictures Abroad", Transactions of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, Vol.XII, 33, 1928, pp.41-57.

JOHNSTON, W.A., "The Public and Motion Picture", Transactions of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, 25, September 1924, p.44

JOHNSTON W.A.,  "The Public and Sound Pictures", Transactions of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, Vol.XII, 35, September 1928, pp.614

KENNEDY J. (ed),  The Story of the Films, A.W. Shaw Company, 1927

KING C.L., TICHENOR, F.A. (eds.), The Motion Picture in its Economic and Social Aspects, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol CXXVIII, n.217, 1926, 

MOEN L.C., "Statistics of the Motion Picture Industry", Motion Picture News, November 18, 1922, p. 2527 & 2531 ; "Statistics of the Motion Picture Industry", Motion Picture News, November 25, 1922, p.2644 & 2645 ; "Statistics of the Motion Picture Industry", Motion Picture News, December 2, 1922, p. 2772 ; "Statistics of the Motion Picture Industry", Motion Picture News, December 9, 1922, p.2904 ;  "Statistics of the Motion Picture Industry", Motion Picture News, December 16, 1922, p.3024 ;    "Statistics of the Motion Picture Industry", Motion Picture News, December 23, 1922, p.3178

NOLAN W., "Talking Pictures and the Public", Transactions of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, XIII, 37, May 1929, p;131.

NORTH, C.J., "Expansion of the American Motion-Picture Trade", Commerce reports, 13 February 1928.

PLATTEN J.H., "Proposed Establishment of Statistical Department of Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America, Inc." , MPPDA, 1927.

RAMSAYE, T., A Million and One Nights : : a history of the motion picture, Simon & Schuster, 1926. New Print, 1964.

SEABURY W.M., The public and the motion picture industry, The Macmillan Company, 1926.​

"Statistics", Transactions of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, November 1924, pp.15-16.

"The Theatre and Moving Pictures and the Public Opinion", in GRAVES W.B., Readings in public opinion: its formation and control, D. Appleton, 1928.




Anti"block-booking" and "blind Selling" in the Leasing of Motion-picture Films: Hearings Before a Subcommittee...on Senate. 280...April 3-17, 1939


BECKMAN, T.N., Distribution of Motion Pictures Films, 1929, Bureau of the Census, Census of Distribution, Government Printing Office, 1931.

BENNETT, R.C., "The Merger Movement in the Motion Picture Industry", The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 147, The Anti-Trust Laws of the United States (Jan., 1930), pp. 89-94

Biennial Census, 1937: Motion Pictures, Volume 3, United States. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of, Commerce, 1939 

CASSADY, R.J., "Some Economic Aspects of Motion Picture Production and Marketing", The Journal of Business of the University of Chicago, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Apr., 1933), pp. 113-131

Census of Manufactures: 1931: Motion Pictures, United States. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1934

GOLDEN N.B., "Brief History and Statistics of the American Motion Picture Industry", Motion Pictures Abroad, 14 August 1936, p.2

GOLDEN N.B., "Brief History and Statistics of the American Motion Picture Industry", Motion Pictures Abroad, 1 August 1937, p.2

GOLDEN, N.B.,  "Safeguarding and developing our Film Markets Abroad", Journal of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers,  XXX, 2, February 1938, pp.195-200. 

GOLDEN N.B., Review of Foreign Film Markets During 1936, U.S. State Department of Commerce, March 1937.

GOLDEN N.B., Review of Foreign Film Markets During 1938,​ U.S. State Department of Commerce, March 1939.

HAYS W.H., The President Report to the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America, 1932.

HAYS W.H., Survey of Progress and Trends. In the New Era of Motion Picture Entertainment, Annual report to the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America, 1936.

JACOB L., The Rise of the American Film, Harcourt, 1939.

LEWIS, H.T., The Motion Picture Industry, Van Nostrand, 1933.

Motion Picture Abroad, Department of Commerce, 1936-1938.

National Box Office Digest, périodique, 1931 ?-1947 ?​. Années 1938-1939

National Box Office Digest Annual, National Box Office Digest 1938.

The public relations of the motion picture industry, A report by the Department of research and education, Federal council of the churches of Christ in America, ca1931.

WANGER V., "120,000 American Ambassadors"Foreign Affairs, Vol. 18, No. 1 (Oct., 1939), pp. 45-59

World Wide Motion Picture Developments, Department of Commerce, 1937- 1938




AUSTRIAN, R.F., "Effects of Television on Motion Picture Attendance", Journal of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, 52, 1, January 1949, pp. 12-18.

BADEN A.L., Moving pictures in the United States and foreign countries. A Selecyted List of Recent Writtings, Library of Congress, 1940.

BERTRAND D., DUANE EWANS, W., BLANCHARD, E.L., Investigation on Concentration of Economic Power. Monograph n.43. The Motion Picture Industry, A ¨Pattern of Control, Temporary National Economic Committee, Senate, 1940.

HICKS, O.H., "American Film Abroad", Journal of the Society of Motion Picture Engineer, 49, 4 October 1947, pp.297-306.


HUETING, M.D., Economic control of the motion picture industry;: a study in industrial organization, Faculty of Graduate School, Philadelphia, 1944

MOLEY R., The Hays Office, Bobs-Merrill, 1945.

Motion-picture films (compulsory block and blind selling), Washington, U. S. Govt. print. off., 1940

The Motion Picture Industry, The Annals of the Amaerican Academy of Political Sciences, 254, November 1947.

National Box Office Digest Annual, annuel depuis 1938.  Numéro de 1947.

ROSTEN L.C., Hollywood : The Movie Colony, the Movie Makers, Harcourt, Brace, 1941.


Admissions Tax on Motion-picture Theaters: Hearing Before the Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives, Eighty-third Congress, First Session, on H.R. 157, a Bill to Provide that the Tax on Admission Shall Not Apply to Admissions to a Moving-picture Theater. April 20, 1953

BERNSYEIN I. Hollywood at the Cross-roads: An Economic Study of the Motion Picture Industry, . Hollywood Film Council, 1957.

HANDEL L.A., Hollywood Looks at its Audience, University of Illinois Press, 1950.

KNIGHT A., The Liveliest Art, a panoramic history of the movies, Mentor Book, 1957.

MANVELL, R., The Film and the Public, Pelican Books, 1955.


MERCILLON, H., Cinéma et monopoles. Le cinéma aux Etats-Unis, Armand Colin, Paris, 1953.

"The Motion Picture Industries", in CHAPIN, R.E., Mass communications; a statistical analysis, University of Michigan Press, 1957, pp.116-139.

Motion-picture Distribution Trade Practices, 1956: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Select Committee on Small Business, United States Senate, Eighty-fourth Congress, Second Session, on the Problems of Independent Motion-picture Exhibitors, 1956

POWDERMAKER H., Hollywood : The Dream Factory, Little, Brown and Co, 1950.

SINDINGER & C°, An Analysis of the Motion Picture Industry 1946-1953, Sindlinger, 1953


The Motion Picture Trade, Trade Series Bulletin 3-9, 1952



BLAISDELL, R.W., "Size of the Copyright Industries", in Studies prepared for the Subcommittee on Patents, trademarks and Copyrights of the Committee on the Judiciary United States Senate, 1960.


CLAWSON M., KNETSCH J.L., Economics of Outdoor Recreation, John Hopkins Press, 1966.


CONANT, M., Antitrust in the Motion Picture Industry : Economic  and Legal Analysis, University of California Press, Berkeley-Los Angeles, 1960.

FRENCH P., The Movie Moguls : An Informal History of the Hollywood Tycoons, Henry Regnery Company, 1969.

HENDRICK, G., The Edison Motion Picture Myth, University of California Press, 1961.

JOBES, G., Motion Pictures Empire, Archon Books, 1966.




BALIO T., United Artists : The Company Built by the Stars, University of Wisconsin Press, 1976, 2nd edition 2009

BALIO, T., (ed.), The American Film Industry, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, 1976. Revised edition, 1985.

"Blind Bidding and the Motion Picture Industry", Harvard Law Review, Vol. 92, No. 5 (Mar., 1979), pp. 1128-1147


BLUEM, A.W. and SQUIRE, J.E., The Movie Business. American Film Industry Practice, Hastings House Publications, 1976.

CRANDALL, R., "The postwar performance of the motion picture industry", The Anti-Trust Bulletin, 20, 1975, pp. 49-88.

DEGAND, C., L'industrie USA du cinéma (1969-1979), Conseil de l'Europe, 1979 (=The US Film industry (1969-79), Council of Europe, 1979)

FADIMAN W., Hollywood Now, Thames & Hudson, 1972.

GARRISON, Garrison, L.C.,  Decision Processes in Motion Picture: A Study of Uncertainty. Ph.D. Diss., Stanford University, 1971.

GOMERY D., The Coming of Sound to American Cinema : A History of the Transformation of an Industry, University of Wisconsin Press, 1975.

GUBACK, T., "Derrière les ombres de l’écran. Le cinéma américain en tant qu’industrie"Sociologie et sociétés Volume8, Issue1, avril 1976, p. 5–24

HAMPTON, B.B., History of the American Film Industry : from its beginnings to 1931, Dever Publications Inc., 1970.

JOWETT, G., Film The Democratic Art, Little Brown, 1975.

MADSEN A., The New Hollywood : American Movies in the 70s, Crowell, 1975

McCLURE A.F., (ed.), The Movie, An American Idiom : Readings on the Social History of the American Motion Picture, Dickinson University Press, 1971.

MILLER D. , SHAMSIE J.  “The Resource Based View of the Firm in Two Environments: The Hollywood Film Studios from 1936–1965”. The Academy of Management Journal 39(3, 1996, pp. 519–543.

MONACO J., American Film Now : : the people, the power, the money, the movies​, Oxford University Press, 1979

SKLAR R., Movie-Made America :  A Cultural History of American Movies, Vintage Books, 1975, 1994.

TOEPLITZ J., Hollywood and After, George Allen & Unwin Ltd., 1974

WALKER, A.,  Stardom, The Hollywood Phenomenon. Penguin, 1974

WATERMAN, D., Economic Essays on the Theatrical Motion Picture Industry, unpubl. doctoral dissertation, Stanford, University, 1978.




ALLEN R.C., Vaudeville and Film 1895-1915 : A Study in Media Interaction, Arno Press, 1980.


ALLEN R.C., GOMERY D., Film History: Theory and Practice, Knopf, 1985. (= ALLEN R.C., GOMERY D., Faire l'histoire du cinéma, Nathan Université, Paris, 1985).

ANDERSON M.G., "State Regulation of Motion Picture Distributors", Pace Law Review, Vol;1, 3, Fall 1982.


AUGROS, J., Economie du cinéma américain, Edilig, Paris, 1985.

AUSTIN B.A., The Influence of the MPAA's Film Rating System on Motion Picture Attendance A Pilot Study, ERIC Clearinghouse, 1980

AUSTIN B.A., Movie Ratings and Revenues Eleven Years of Success Ratios, 1980.

AUSTIN B.A., Film Attendance Why College Students Chose to See Their Most Recent Film, 1981

AUSTIN, B.A., The Motion Picture Audience: A Neglected Aspect of Film Research, The Ohio University Film Conference, 1982.

AUSTIN, B.A., MPAA Film Ratings and Film Attendance A Test of Reactance Theory, 1982.

AUSTIN B.A., Researching the Film Audience Purposes, Procedures, and Problems, 1983.


AUSTIN B.A., Cinema Screen Advertising An Old Technology with New Promise for Consumer Marketing1985

AUSTIN B.A., Current research in film : audiences, economics, and law , 4 vol.  Ablex, 1985-1988

BACH S., Final Cut: Art, Money, and Ego in the Making of Heaven's Gate, the Film that Sank United Artists, New American Library, 1985.

BALIO, T., (ed.), The American Film Industry, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Revised edition, 1985.

BALIO T., United Artists : the Company that Changed the Film Industry, Volume 2 1951-1978, University of Wisconsin Press, 1987, 2nd edition 2009.

BORDAT F., "Le code Hays. L'autocensure du cinéma américain"Vingtième Siècle. Revue d'histoire  Année 1987  15  pp. 3-16

BORDWELL D., STAIGER J., THOMPSON, K., The Classical Hollywood Cinema : Film Style and Mode of Production to 1960, Columbia University Press, 1985.

BROWNLOW K., Hollywood, les pionniers, Calmann-Levy, 1981.

DE GRAZIA E., NEWMAN R.K. (Eds.), Banned Films : Movies, Censors and the First Amendement, Bowker, 1982.

EDGERTON, G.R.., American film exhibition and an analysis of the motion picture industry's market structure, 1963-1980, Garland, 1983.

FINLER J., The Hollywood Story, Octopus Book, 1988. 2nd edition, Mandarin Paperbacks, 1992.

GABLER N., An Empire of Their Own : How the Jews Invented Hollywood, Crown, 1988. (= Le royaume de leurs rêves : La saga des Juifs qui ont fondé Hollywood, Calmann-Levy, 2005)

GARDNER G., The censorship papers : movie censorship letters from the Hays office, 1934-1968, Dood, Mead and Company, 

GARNHAM, N., The economics of the U.S. Motion Pictures Industry, European Commission, Brussels, 1982.

GOMERY D., The Hollywood Studio System, McMillan, 1986 (= GOMERY, D., Hollywood. L'âge d'or des studios, Cahiers du cinéma, Editions de l'Etoile, Paris, 1987)

HARMETZ, A., Rolling breaks and other movie business, A. Knopf, 1985.

HOSKINS C., MIRUS R., Reasons of the US dominance of the international trade in television programmes. Media, Culture and Society, 10(4), 1988, pp.499–515

IZOD, J., Hollywood and the Box Office, 1895-1996, McMillan Press, London, 1988.

JEWELL, R.B., HARBIN V., The RKO Story, Arlington House, 1982.

KENNEY  R. W. KLEIN, B., "The economics of block booking",. Journal of Law and Economics, 26, 1983, pp. 497-540.

KINDEM, G. (ed.), The American Movie Industriy: The Business of Motion Pictures, Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale, 1982.

LITWAK M., Reel power : the struggle for influence and success in the new Hollywood, New American Library, 1986.


MACCANN (R.D.), The First Tycoons, The Scarecrow Press, 1987.

SCHATZ, T., Old Hollywood/ New Hollywood : Ritual Art and Industry, UMI Research Group, 1983.

SCHATZ T., The Genius of the System : Hollywood Filmmaking in the Studio Era, Simon & Schuster, 1988.

SIMONET T., Regression Analysis of Prior Experience of Key Production Personnel as Predictors of Revenues from High Grossing Motion Pictures in American Release. Arno Press, 1980.

SLIDE A., The American Film Industry: A Historical Dictionary, Limelight Editions, 1986.

SMITH S.P., SMITH V. K.. "Successful movies: A preliminary empirical analysis". Applied Economics, 18(5), 1986, pp.501-507.

SQUIRE, J.S., The Movie Business Book, Simon and Schuster, 1986.

STAIGER J., The Hollywood Mode of Production : The Construction of Divided Labor in the Film Industry, University of Wisconsin, 1981.

STORPER M., CHRISTOPHERSON S. "Flexible Specialization and Regional Industrial Agglomerations: The Case of the U.S. Motion Picture Industry", Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 77, No. 1 (Mar., 1987), pp. 104-117

STORPER M., “The Transition to Flexible Specialisation in the U.S. Film Industry: External Economies, the Division of Labour, and the Crossing of Industrial Divides”. Cambridge Journal of Economics 13, 1989, pp. 237–305

THOMPSON K., Exporting Entertainment. America in the World Film Market 1907-1934, British Film Institute, 1985.

WASKO J., Movies and Money: Financing the American Film Industry, Ablex, 1982.


ABEL R.., The Red Rooster Scare : Making Cinema American, 1900-1910, University of California Press, 1999.

ALBERT S. "Movie stars and the distribution of financially suc-cessful films in the motion picture industry" .Journal of Cultural Economics, .22, 1998,  pp. 249–270.

ALTMAN D., Hollywood East : Louis B. Mayer and the origins of the Studio System, Bird Lane Press, 1992.

ANDERSON C., Hollywood TV : The Studio System In the Fifties, University of Texas Press, 1994.

AUGIER A., Hollywood et les nouvelles technologies : 1982-1992. L'hégémonie croissante des grands studios sur les marchés du long métrage de fiction aux Etats-Unis et en France, Université Paris-II? 1994.

AUGROS J., "Le mythe de la production indépendante dans le cinéma américain",  Revue Française d'Études Américaines  Année 1993  56  pp. 123-133


AUGROS, J., L'argent d'Hollywood, L'Harmattan, Paris, 1996.

BALIO T. (ed.), Hollywood in the Age of Television, Routledge, 1990.

BALIO T. History of American Cinema, vol. 5, Grand Design : Hollywood as a Modern Business Enterprise, 1930-1939, University of California Press, 1995.

BART P., Fade Out : The Calamitous Final Days of MGM, Morrow, New Yoyk, 1990.

BECK, J.S., The Variety History of Show Business, Harry Abrams, 1993.

BERNSTEIN M., Walter Wanger, Hollywood Independent, University of California Press, 1994

BERNSTEIN M. (ed.), Controlling Hollywood : Censorship and Regulation in the Studio Era, Rutgers University Press, 1999.

BIDAUD A.-M., Hollywood et le Rêve américain : Cinéma et idéologie aux États-Unis, Masson, 1994. 2ème édition révisiée, Armand Colin, 2012.

BISKIND P. Easy Riders, Raging Bulls : How the Sex'n'Drugs'n'Rock'n'Roll Generation Saved Hollywood, Bloomsbury, 1998.

BLACK G.D., The Catholic Crusade against the Movies, 1940-1975, Cambridge University, 1998.

BORDAT F. (dir.), L'amour du cinéma américain, CinémAction n°54, Corlet/Télérama, 1990.

BORDAT, F., ETCHEVERRY, M. (dir.),  Cent ans d'aller au cinéma: Le spectacle cinématographique aux États-Unis, 1896-1995, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 1995.

BOSSENO C.-M., GERSTENKORN, J., Hollywood. L'usine à rêves, Gallimard, 1992.

BOWSER E., History of the American Cinema 2. The Transformation of Cinema. 1907-1915, University of California Press, 1994.

BROWN G. Movie Time : A Chronology of Hollywood and the Movie Industry from the Beginings to the Presents, MacMillan, 1998.

CHISHOLM D.C., DARLENE C. "Profit-Sharing Versus Fixed-Payment Contracts: Evidence from the Motion Pictures Industry". The Journal of Law, Economics & Organization, Vol. 13, No. 1, 1997, pp. 169-201.

CONES, J.W., The Feature Film Distribution Deal: A Critical Analysis of the Single Most Important Film Industry Agreement, SIU Press, 1997

CRAFTON, D. History of the American Cinema. 4. The Talkies : American Cinema's Transition to Sound 1926-1931, University of California Press, 1997.

CRAIG WATKINS, S., Representing. Hip hop Culture and the Production of Black Cinema, The University of Chicago Press, 1998.

CRIPPS, T., Hollywood's High Noon. Moviemaking & Society before Television. The John Hopkins University Press, 1997.

DANIELS, B., LEEDY D., SILLS, L.D.,  Movie Money: Understanding Hollywood's (Creative) Accounting Practices,  Silman-James Press, 1998

DE VANY, A.,  ECKERT . "Motion picture antitrust: The Paramount cases revisited",. Research in Law and Economics, 14:51{112., 1991

DE VANY A., WALLS W.D.  “Bose-Einstein Dynamics and Adaptive Contracting in the Motion Picture Industry”. The Economic Journal 106, 1996 pp.1493–1514

DE VANY, A.S., WALLS, W.D. "The market for motion pictures: rank, revenue, and survival.", Economic Inquiry, 35 (4), 1997, pp.783-797

DICK, B.F., City of Dreams. The Making and Remaking of Universal Pictures, University Press of Kentucky, 1997.

DOHERTY T.P., Pre-code Hollywood : Sex, Immorality and Insurrection in American Cinema 1930-1934, Columbia University Press, 1999.

GOMERY D., Movie History : A Survey, Wadworth Publishing, 1991

GOMERY, D., Shared Pleasures: A History of Movie Presentation in the United States, Univ of Wisconsin Press, 1992​

HERNANDEZ GIRBAL, F., Los que pasaron por Hollywood, Verdoux, (1935-1936), 1992.

HIGHAM C., Merchant of Dreams : Louis B. Mayer, MGM and the Secret Hollywood, Fine, 1993.

HILLIER J., The New Hollywood, Studio Vista, 1993.

HILMES M., Hollywood and broadcasting : From Radio to Cable, University of Illinois Press, 1990.

JARVIE, I., Hollywood's Overseas Campaign : the North Atlantic Movie Trade, 1920-1950, Cambridge University Press, 1992.

KENT, N., Naked Hollywood. Money and Power in the Movies Today, St Martin Press, 1994.

KERR C.E., "Incorporating the Star: The Intersection of Business and Aesthetic Strategies in Early American Film", The Business History Review, Vol. 64, No. 3, Service Industries (Autumn, 1990), pp. 383-410

KOSZARSKI, R., History of the American Cinema 3. An Evening's Entertainment : The Age of the Silent Picture 1915-1928, Collier Macmillan, 1990, University of California Press, 1994.

LEV P., The Euro-American Cinema, University of Texas Press, 1993.

LEVY, E. Cinema of outsiders: The rise of American independent films. New York University Press, 1999.

LEWIS J. (ed.), The New American Cinema, Duke University Press, 1998.

LIUUK T., Movie Marketing: Opening the Picture and Giving it Legs, Silman-James Press, 1997​

MALTBY R., CRAVEN I., Hollywood Cinema : An Introduction, Blackwell, 1996


MASSON A. (dir.), Hollywood 1927-1941, Autrement, Paris, 1991.

McDOUGAL D., The Last Mogul : Less Wasserman, MCA and the Hidden History of Hollywood, Crown, 1998.

MILLER M.C. Seeing Through Movies, Pantheon Books, 1990

MUSCIO, G., Hollywood's New Deal, Temple University Press, 1996.

MUSSER C., Before the Nickelodeon : Edwin S. Porter and the Edison Manufacturing Company, University of California Press, 1991.

MUSSER C., History of the American Cinema 1. The Emergence of Cinema : The American Screen to 1907, Simon and Schuster, 1990 ; University of California Press, 1991, 2nd edition, 1994.

NEALE S., SMITH M. (Eds.), Contemporary Hollywood Cinema, Routledge, 1998.

NIELSEN M., MAILES G., Hollywood's Other Blacklist : Union Struggles in the Studio System, BFI, 1995.

PANDO J., Hollywood al desnudo : La cara oculta del cine y sus estrellas, Espasa Calpe, 1997.

PORTES J., De la scène à l'écran. Naissance de la culture de masse aux Etats-Unis, Belin, 1997. (Recension critique par R. Python, Vingtième Siècle. Revue d'histoire  Année 1997  56  p. 261).

PRAG J., CASSAVANT J., "An empirical study of determinants of revenues and marketing expenditures in the motion picture industry",. Journal of Cultural Economics, 18(3), 1994 , pp.217-23535.

QUINN M.J., "Paramount and Early Feature Distribution: 1914-1921", Film History, 11, n°1, 1999, pp. 98-113.

SCHATZ T., History of the American Cinema 6, Boom and Bust : American Cinema in the 1940s, University of California Press, 1999

SEGRAVE K., American Films Abroad : Hollywood Domination of the Worl's Screen from the 1890s to the Present, McFarland, 1997.

SENNETT, R.S., Hollywood Hoopla : Creating Stars and Selling Movies in the Golden Age of Hollywood, Bilboard Books, 1998.

SLIDE, A., The New Historical Dictionary of the American Film Industry, The Scarecrow Press, 1998.

SQUIRE J.S., The Movie Business Book, 2nd edition, Simon and Schuster, 1992.

STAIGER J. (ed.), The Studio System, Rutgers University Press, 1995.

THOMAS B., Clown Prince of Hollywood : The antic Life and Times of Jack Warner, Mc Graw-Hill, 1990.

THOMAS B., King Kohn : The Life and Times of Hollywood Mogul Harry Cohn, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990.

THOMAS B., Building a Company : Roy O. Disney and the Creation of the Entertainment Empire, Hyperion, New York, 1998.

VASEY R., The World According to Hollywood 1918-1939, University of Wisconsin Press, 1997.

VAUGHN, S., Ronald Reagan in Hollywood : Movies and Politics, Cambridge University Press, 1994.

WALSH, F. Sin and censorship. The Catholic Church and the Motion Picture Industry, The University Press, 1996.

WYATT J. High Concept: Movies and Marketing in Hollywood , Austin:University of Texas Press, 1994.

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